Everyone is frugal during economic downturn. There are so many ways to save money, and it is now a trend for housewives to turn garbage into environmental friendly enzymes that could be used as fertilizer, detergent and disinfectant.
Pomelo farmer Xi Tao Jin, 63, and wife Ling Shui Jiao, 61, believed that turning garbage into enzymes is cost-effective and environmental friendly.
"After the enzymes are diluted by adding water into them, they have disinfect function and can be used as detergent, pesticide, air freshener, disinfectant and also fertilizer," said Xi.
He told Sin Chew Daily that the residues of the environmental friendly enzymes can also be reused after they are dried.
"You may break the dried residues into small pieces, bury them as fertilizer or add some brown sugar into the residues, flush them into the toilet to sanitise septic tank. You may also use them to make new enzymes," he said.
Xi came across with environmental friendly enzymes a year ago and started to make his own three months ago, mainly because the skin of pomeloes, star fruits and guavas that he plants could be used as ingredients to make enzymes.
He put some of the enzymes in the soil or sprayed them on the leaves and roots of his fruit tress, bringing the concept of recycling into full play.
"The use of pesticide has reduced by 60% and I have reduced the use of foliar fertilizer by 30% since I started using garbage enzymes as fertilizers. If the enzyme fertilizer plan goes on smoothly, I would not have to use pesticides and chemical fertilizers anymore," he said.
Use of environmental friendly enzymes:
*Multipurpose detergent: Can be used to clean bathrooms, kitchens, water troughs, pools, leather goods, carpets, cars, shoes, wash basins and refrigerators. They can also be used to bathe pets.
* Pesticide: Can be used to replace chemical pesticides.
* Air freshener: Can be used to reduce exhaust and toxic gases; friendly bacteria will distribute citrus smell.
* Disinfectant: Can be used to kill harmful micro-organisms.
* Fertilizer: Does not affect fruit quality but makes them more crunchy without chemical side effect.
Ingredients to make environmental friendly enzymes:
1 kg Brown sugar
3 kg fresh fruit residue/ fresh fruit skin
10 litre water
1. There must be room in the container for fermentation.
2. The containers must be stored in cool place.
3. Enzymes that are successfully fermented are yellow in colour. There will be a layer of friendly bacteria on the top which is white or brown in colour and it distributes pleasant citrus smell; if the enzymes turn black, it means the fermentation has failed. But you may add in some brown sugar to start the fermentation process again.
4. Do not worry about the stink during the fermentation process, just cover the container well.
5. The container could be a porcelain, pottery or plastic barrel.
6. Do not use paper, plastic, metal cans and bottles as the ingredients.