On Sept. 11, 2012, the government purchased three of the Senkaku Islands, which are Japan's sovereign territory, from the then owner and nationalised them. China, which claims territorial rights over the islands in Okinawa Prefecture, reacted fiercely. Since then, China has repeatedly engaged in dangerous, provocative behaviour against Japan. The Yomiuri Shimbun has traced the confrontation between the two countries over the remote East China Sea islands. The following is the first instalment of the series.
Japan must return to China all the territories it has stolen, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said during his May 26 visit to the historical city of Potsdam, Germany. At the site of the 1945 Potsdam Declaration, which set the terms for Japan's unconditional surrender at the end of World War II, Li criticised Japan with strident words.
For China, the site of the Potsdam Conference was the most appropriate place to spread the image of "a Japan that challenges the postwar international order" to the world.
The reasoning behind China's demand for Japan to "return" the Senkaku Islands can be summarized as follows:
-Japan took the Senkakus from China during the Qing dynasty.
-Japan, defeated in World War II, must return the land it stole to the original holder states.
-Therefore, Japan does not possess territorial rights over the Senkakus.
It is important for China to launch a "propaganda war" to spread its argument to the world. Its approach is to "use all possible means."
The Olympic Games, which should be a festival of peace, is no exception.